Your child’s environment – whether at home, at school or socially – can greatly influence how they may behave in the future.
FindYouthInfo.gov, a government website focused on youth issues, found that in 2012, more than 630,000 young people between the ages of 10 and 24 were admitted to the hospital due to violence-related injuries.
If you’re worried that your child is at risk for violent behavior, there are some factors that may indicate a problem.
Risk factors for violent youth
During their teen years, some kids may behave violently because of some risk factors found in their environment.
Note: Some of these risk factors may be out of your control. However, it is recommended that you keep them under consideration.
From an early age, young people could be exposed to:
- Violent behavior between parents
- Severe punishments
- Parents who are frequently absent or don’t pay attention to their children
- Rejection or emotional distance from parents
- A broken home
Youth may exhibit behavioral problems such as:
- Teasing or bullying other students
- Skipping class
- Exhibiting either aggressive or introverted behavior
- Difficulty concentrating or exhibiting hyperactive behavior
- Developing learning issues or failing classes
Young people could be considered violent if they:
- Harass or provoke kids that are their same age or younger
- Have been arrested before age 14 for committing a crime
- Belong to a gang or other violent group
- Take drugs or drink alcohol
- Have been treated for psychological or emotional issues
Tips to prevent youth violence
You can help prevent violent behavior in your child by following these recommendations:
- Spend more time with your child and include everyone in family activities.
- Don’t argue with your spouse in front of your child.
- Form a bond with your son or daughter. Communicate with your children if they have any problems or issues.
- Make respect and open communication a priority in your home.
- Do not give out severe or violent punishment.
- Be aware of your child’s friends, but do not be overprotective.
STRYVE is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s national initiative helping families and communities prevent youth violence.
FindYouthInfo.gov is a collaboration among 18 government agencies that supports programs and services for the prevention of youth violence.
Smoking cigarettes or drinking too much alcohol can cause addiction and other serious health issues.
The risk of diseases associated with tobacco and alcohol increase for those who drink and smoke.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), about 443,000 people in the United States die of illnesses caused by tobacco each year. Meanwhile, about 88,000 die from alcohol-related illnesses.
Diseases caused by smoking tobacco
Smoking cigarettes can cause various types of cancer and chronic illnesses, including:
- Cataracts and blindness
- Periodontitis (gum disease)
- Chronic heart disease (high blood pressure)
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (difficulty breathing)
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Cancer of the larynx, stomach, trachea, lung, esophagus and others
Note: Even those who do not smoke, but are exposed to cigarettes and tobacco, can develop health problems caused by second-hand smoke.
Free resources and help centers to quit smoking
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a good resource for smokers, offering plans to quit smoking, self-help materials, and a helpline at 1-800-784-8669, or 1-800-332-8615 (TTY for the hearing impaired).
- Smokefree.gov offers tips on how to quit smoking as well as pamphlets, information about medications and other advice. You can also subscribe to SmokefreeTXT to receive helpful messages on your phone.
- The CDC also has information about community tobacco control programs, campaigns and events in your state.
Diseases caused by alcohol consumption
Drinking too much alcohol can cause:
- Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
- Cardiomyopathy (stretching of the heart muscle)
- High blood pressure
- Alcohol-induced hepatitis
- Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreatic blood vessels)
- A weak immune system
- Cancer of the mouth, esophagus, throat, liver and breast
Free resources and help centers to stop drinking
SMART Recovery helps young people and adults with alcohol or other addiction through group therapy sessions. You can attend in person or seek an online support group.
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Healthy eating habits and a nutritious diet can help children do better in school.
The federal government provides free or low-cost Child Nutrition Programs in more than 100,000 public schools, nonprofit private schools, kindergartens and preschools.
These programs, provided by the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service, are aimed at school-aged children from low-income families.
1. National School Breakfast and Lunch Program
Through this program children may receive breakfast and lunch for free or at a reduced cost. The price you pay for meals depends on which state you live in and your income level.
If your children attend a school that’s enrolled in the National School Lunch Program, they are eligible to receive breakfast and lunch daily throughout the academic year.
Note: Some schools also provide free snacks to children who attend certain after-school programs.
- It’s available for children and students under 18.
- It’s offered throughout the school year at public schools, nonprofit private schools, and preschools.
- The breakfast and lunch menu is the same for every student.
- Everyone receives equal portions that meet USDA nutritional requirements.
How to enroll
Contact or visit your child’s school to find about the program requirements and application process. Enrollment procedures may vary depending on the school.
2. Special Milk Program
Milk is provided free or at a reduced cost to children who are not already enrolled in any other USDA program. The price of milk depends on which state you live in and your income level.
- Milk is available throughout the year at schools, nurseries, half-day pre-kindergartens and kindergartens.
- The milk contains vitamins A and D, is low in fat and meets the standards of the USDA.
- Every student receives the same kind of milk and quantity, one cup or ¼-liter.
How to enroll
To participate in the Special Milk Program, contact or visit your child’s school and ask about the program requirements and application process.
Contact your USDA state agency for more information about child nutrition programs.
If you plan to move, planning ahead can save you time and money.
Things like packing and finding a reliable moving company are just some of the ways you can avoid problems. And, depending on your situation, you may be able to deduct moving expenses from your federal tax return.
When you’re ready to move, make sure to keep these tips in mind:
- Instead of packing what you don’t use anymore, sell anything you don’t need. You can also donate clothes or household items that are in good condition to charity.
- Use recycled packing boxes. Look for unused boxes at local stores or supermarkets. Save the boxes if you have a moving date ahead.
- Write on the box what it contains, for example: kitchen utensils, bathroom towels, tools, cosmetics, etc. This will make it easier to unpack in your new home.
- Use newspaper to wrap any fragile or delicate items.
Choosing a moving company
- Request written quotes from various moving companies so that you can compare rates and services.
- Make sure to pick a moving company that has a number with the U.S. Department of Transportation, known as U.S. DOT #, and check if the mover is properly registered.
- Make sure the company offers damage insurance.
- Check to see if the moving company has a history of complaints by calling your state or city’s consumer protection office.
- Thoroughly read over all the terms in your contract, as well as any other documents related to your move, before signing.
Note: If you would like to register a complaint against a moving company, get in touch with the Department of Transportation at 1-888-368-7238, or file it online.
When filing your taxes
If your move this summer is work-related, you may be able to deduct moving expenses on your next federal income tax return if you meet certain requirements:
- You move close to the date you begin your new job.
- Your new workplace is at least 50 miles farther away from your previous home than your old job location was from that home.
- You work full-time for a specified amount of time after moving.
With warm weather comes more opportunities to explore new places, spend time outdoors and share quality time with friends and family.
Swimming, walking or having a picnic are just some of the many things you can do together during the Summer.
To enjoy these activities safely and accident-free, make sure to keep these tips in mind:
- Supervise your kids, as well as other children, when playing or swimming in the ocean, lakes, rivers or pools.
- Only use life jackets certified by the U.S. Coast Guard.
- Avoid swimming in rough or deep water.
- Respect “No Swimming” signs.
- To prevent choking, make sure children do not eat or chew gum in the water.
- If your home has a swimming pool, install a protective fence around it. Be sure to place a cover on the pool when it’s not in use.
- Take cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) classes to help people who are drowning or choking.
Protection against sun and heat
- To avoid dehydration or heat exhaustion, make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day. Avoid beverages that contain alcohol, caffeine or too much sugar.
- Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing. Also wear sunglasses and a hat that covers your face and ears.
- Apply sunscreen with sun protection factor (SPF) 15 or higher a half an hour before any sun exposure. Reapply several times a day, or according to the product directions.
- Keep your lips hydrated with a lip balm that contains sunscreen.
- Avoid direct sun exposure when ultraviolet (UV) rays are at their strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Try to spend the majority of your time protected by cool, shady areas.
- If you’re camping or you plan to do any outdoor cooking, use a cooler with ice to keep your food refrigerated. Make sure to keep the cooling temperature (PDF) at 40 degrees Fahrenheit or below.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before handling any food.
- To avoid cross contamination, separate raw meat from other food, and place meat on its own plate or tray.
- Make sure meats are cooked and served at an internal temperature (PDF) of 140 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.
- Immediately refrigerate or freeze any leftovers. Don’t leave perishable foods out in the open for more than two hours.
- To avoid getting food poisoning, follow these tips for eating safely at fairs and festivals.
For more information about food safety contact the USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline at 1-888-674-6854.