Writing a resume for a government job may be different than for other jobs. This video shows how to tailor a resume.
There are several ways in which employers can discriminate against job applicants and employees, including denying you a job based on your race, or paying you less money because of your country of origin.
In 2012 there were nearly 100,000 employment discrimination claims filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Below you’ll learn about some of the main types of employment discrimination and the resources you need to file a complaint.
Discrimination by Race or Color
Race discrimination occurs when an employer treats you unfavorably because of your race. Specifically, employers cannot:
- Deny you employment or harass you at work because of your racial characteristics, including your skin color, facial features, hair type, etc.
- Segregate you from other employees or not allow you to have contact with customers.
- Ask for personal information during a job interview that might reveal your race, and then use this information to deny you employment.
It is illegal to discriminate against you based on your sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Examples of this type of discrimination include:
- Sexual harassment at work, including unwelcome sexual advances or sexual favors.
- Offensive remarks about someone’s sex or gender identity.
- Unfavorable treatment of women who are pregnant.
People with disabilities have protections under federal laws and cannot be treated unfavorably in the workplace. This includes employees who have a family member with a disability. When it comes to disability discrimination:
- Employers cannot ask you whether you have a physical or mental disability. They can only ask if you are able to perform a certain job.
- Companies must make reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities.
The law protects both job applicants and employees who are of age 40 or older from discrimination at work. For example, employers cannot:
- Advertise age preferences of applicants in job postings.
- Ask about your age during a job interview unless it was made for a lawful purpose.
Discrimination by National Origin
People born abroad who have authorization to work in the United States have the same rights and opportunities as everybody else. Employers cannot:
- Fire, suspend or deny you employment to because of where you were born.
- Treat you unfavorably because of your foreign accent or your ability to speak English.
- Mandate you to speak English only at work (unless it’s done for non-discriminatory purposes).
The EEOC has a full list of discrimination practices by type. Visit EEOC.gov to learn how to file an employment discrimination claim. You typically have 180 days to file a complaint, but you may have more time depending on your state and local laws.
Use data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to learn which jobs are growing and right for you.
Opening a new business can be overwhelming, especially if you don’t have any experience in the world of business. There are so many things to consider, from identifying the perfect product or service to sell to finding the right financing.
With so many moving parts, getting started can seem rather challenging. A business plan is always a first good step. It will help you lay out your plans, anticipate how you will manage your business and help you get the right financing. In other words, it can really help your company succeed.
A business plan includes:
- Executive summary: Every business plan begins with an executive summary which features basic information about the business, the types of products and services it sells, the state of the industry and future plans. If you are just opening a business, this summary should include your professional experience and the reasons why you think your company will succeed.
- Company description: This section describes your business goal and details the different parts of your company, including the types of product or services it sells, consumer demand and potential new clients. It also describes its competitive advantages in the marketplace, such as its location and type of operation. It can be as long as a few paragraphs, but the shorter the better. The goal is for the reader to have a good idea of what the business is about and understand its competitive advantages.
- Market analysis: Who are the customers? How big is the market? Who is the competition? A market analysis answers many of these questions in detail. You can describe, for example, the type of customers you anticipate having (office workers and area residents) and describe the area where the business is located (there are five commercial buildings and 200 residential apartments within a mile radius, etc.)
- Company organization: Here you explain how your company is organized and who is involved. In other words, describe who is doing what. This information is useful particularly if you’re looking for financing. Bankers need to know how your company is structured and who they are dealing with.
- Description of products and services: Use this section to explain in more detail the products or services you plan to sell. How will your product be consumed? How often? How will consumers benefit from your products?
- Marketing plan: This is your chance to explain in detail how you will market your products and services to potential clients. This can include plans for a website, advertising in local newspapers, promotions or other ads.
- Finances and projections: The purpose of this section is to provide financial information about your company, including short and long-term sales projections. You can also include fixed and variable costs and when the company anticipates profits.
How to Get More Help
The Small Business Administration (SBA) can help you perfect your business plan. Use this locator to find a local SBA office and schedule an appointment.