Looking for a job takes time, dedication, and hard work, but you can ease the process by getting organized and finding the right help.
CareerOneStop is a website created by the Department of Labor to help you prepare for your job search, access job searching tools, and find local career centers where you can get personalized help on everything from writing resumes to interviewing for a job.
CareerOneStop can help you:
1. Explore careers. Learn more about yourself through self-assessment tests and browse different types of occupations.
2. Determine wages and salaries. Compare wages and salaries for specific positions, use cost-of-living calculators and find the highest paying jobs by location.
3. Create a resume. Get assistance in creating one of the most important documents you will need for your job search: a résumé. Find tips on how to improve your résumé, sample résumés, and information on how to write a cover letter.
4. Look for jobs. Use CareerOneStop’s tool to find jobs across the country. You will learn who’s hiring, and where and when the job was posted. USAJOBS is also a good tool to find jobs with the federal government, but keep in mind that many of these jobs require applicants to be U.S. citizens and speak English.
5. Prepare for a job interview. Get tips with how to get and prepare for job interviews, including setting one up, finding people and making contacts.
Training and Development
Besides helping you prepare for your job search, CareerOneStop also has information to help you get the education and training you need, and find ways to pay for it:
- Short-term training designed to further your skills for specific professions.
- Technical certifications on a wide range of jobs including medical assistants, automotive technicians, electricians, etc.
- Financial aid and scholarships to help you finance loans and grants if you choose to pursue higher education.
Writing a resume for a government job may be different than for other jobs. This video shows how to tailor a resume.
There are several ways in which employers can discriminate against job applicants and employees, including denying you a job based on your race, or paying you less money because of your country of origin.
In 2012 there were nearly 100,000 employment discrimination claims filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Below you’ll learn about some of the main types of employment discrimination and the resources you need to file a complaint.
Discrimination by Race or Color
Race discrimination occurs when an employer treats you unfavorably because of your race. Specifically, employers cannot:
- Deny you employment or harass you at work because of your racial characteristics, including your skin color, facial features, hair type, etc.
- Segregate you from other employees or not allow you to have contact with customers.
- Ask for personal information during a job interview that might reveal your race, and then use this information to deny you employment.
It is illegal to discriminate against you based on your sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Examples of this type of discrimination include:
- Sexual harassment at work, including unwelcome sexual advances or sexual favors.
- Offensive remarks about someone’s sex or gender identity.
- Unfavorable treatment of women who are pregnant.
People with disabilities have protections under federal laws and cannot be treated unfavorably in the workplace. This includes employees who have a family member with a disability. When it comes to disability discrimination:
- Employers cannot ask you whether you have a physical or mental disability. They can only ask if you are able to perform a certain job.
- Companies must make reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities.
The law protects both job applicants and employees who are of age 40 or older from discrimination at work. For example, employers cannot:
- Advertise age preferences of applicants in job postings.
- Ask about your age during a job interview unless it was made for a lawful purpose.
Discrimination by National Origin
People born abroad who have authorization to work in the United States have the same rights and opportunities as everybody else. Employers cannot:
- Fire, suspend or deny you employment to because of where you were born.
- Treat you unfavorably because of your foreign accent or your ability to speak English.
- Mandate you to speak English only at work (unless it’s done for non-discriminatory purposes).
The EEOC has a full list of discrimination practices by type. Visit EEOC.gov to learn how to file an employment discrimination claim. You typically have 180 days to file a complaint, but you may have more time depending on your state and local laws.
Use data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to learn which jobs are growing and right for you.